Tonic Outward Bound

Unearthing Landscapes

Surrey Unearthed Symposium

Outward Bound

We were invited to the Surrey Unearthed one day symposium ‘Unearthing Landscapes’ held at University of the Creative Arts, to explore themes of community, land, time and material within the context of art.

A diverse range of artists, academics, choreographers and professionals spoke about their work and the importance of the landscape within it. From site-specific dance in caves to wind-driven sound installations on the Surrey coast, the event was stimulating and informative.

The first speaker and Chair of the event was Joy Sleeman, Professor of Art History and Theory at UCL Slade School of Fine Art. Joy is also an editorial board member for ‘Sculpture Journal’ – a leading academic journal for research in sculpture.

“No walk, no work”

Richard Long Richard Long – A Line Made By Walking, 1967.

Professor Sleeman’s research concerns the histories of sculpture and landscape, especially land art, a contested field of art practice that continues to inspire artists and provoke debate among scholars. Land art was one of a cluster of new terms that emerged in the late 1960s to describe art works made with a new attitude to an old (and, to some, distinctly old-fashioned) area of art making: landscape. In the 1960s artists began to produce new and challenging works made directly in and of the stuff of the landscape.

One interest of the British land artists of this time was to eschew the scenic. Below is a selection of the land artists Joy spoke about. Links are included for further reading and meandering through the subject.

Holt One

Holt 2 Nancy Holt, ‘Trailmarkers’, 1969.

Chalk Mirror Displacement 1

Chalk Mirror Displacement 2 Robert Smithson, ‘Chalk Mirror Displacement’, 1969.

The photograph above of Chalk Mirror Displacement was taken in Oxted chalk pit quarry in Surrey. The artwork works both in situ within the quarry, and in a gallery setting, which is unusual for land art.

The Moth Effect Amanda Loomes, ‘The Moth Effect’ - whole film, 2018.

Hamish Fulton (born 1946) is an English walking artist. Since 1972 he has only made works based on the experience of walks. He translates his walks into a variety of media, including photography, illustrations, and wall texts. His work is contained in major museums collections, such as the Tate Britain and MoMA. Since 1994 he has begun practicing group walks. Fulton argues that ‘walking is an artform in its own right’ and argues for wider acknowledgement of walking art.

Wind Through The Pines Hamish Fulton, ‘Wind through the Pines’, 1985, 1991.

The next speaker was artist and curator Jonathan Parsons. Jonathan has exhibited at Royal Academy and co-curated exhibition for Turner Contemporary.

Jonathan spoke about his artwork ‘Fossil Ocean Floor’, an intervention in the Surrey landscape visible from the train line.

animal Jonathan Parsons, ‘Fossil Ocean Floor’, 2018.

‘Fossil Ocean Floor’ was created as part of Jonathan Parson’s Horizons, a series of site-specific interventions in the chalk landscape of the northern Surrey Hills. The works use the colour white, inspired by ancient chalk hill figures and is visible from a far distance. Installations, text pieces and projections align in the landscape, with letters composed of a matrix of bright discs and scribble forms displayed on a monumental scale.

The third speaker was artist Mary Branson, best known for her large-scale conceptual light installations. Mary has been artist in residence twice for Watts Gallery, and for HM Prison Service, where she led art classes for women prisoners.

Mary Branson

Harvest Mary Branson, ‘Harvest’, 2018.

Mary spoke about the need for community and collaboration in order to make her work. It was important to the ‘Harvest’ piece that it was a community effort, conceptually and practically. Mary explored the relationship of the local farming community to the land, the processes and rituals of harvest time and the impact of the changing climate on their work.

Working

The piece culminated in a community celebration of the landscape at the Box Hill viewpoint under the harvest moon last year.

Dance as a means of enlivening landscape

Passage for Par Rosemary Lee - Passage for Par, 2018

Choreographer and film maker Rosemary Lee’s work is characterised by an interest in creating moving portraiture of the performing communities she brings together, whilst also exploring and highlighting our relationship with the environment, be it urban or rural.

Rosemary’s aim is to increase performers’ and observers’ attentiveness to their senses. Being aware of themselves both in time and space. A belief that the more aware you are of your body, the more aware you are of your environment.

Passage for Par, 2018

“At the turn of the tide 30 women rhythmically snake their way across the tidal landscape, tracing meandering pathways through the wet sand, their outlines etched against the sea and sky.”

Rosemary visited many of Cornwall’s most beautiful beaches before deciding to work on Par Sands. She chose Par because of its dramatic contrasts – between the industry of Par Docks and the green slopes of Gribbin Head – and because of the exceptional beauty of the tidal expanse, with its glittering deposits of quartz and mica. It is typically frequented by locals and dog-walkers rather than tourists.

Passage for Par 2

Whilst performances of ‘Passage for Par’ leave no physical trace on the landscape, Rosemary hopes that its presence will linger in the memory and become part of the history of this special place.

Rosemary spoke of her intention to work with women. To create opportunities for women to work together. She described the dancers as groynes; the fence that disrupts water flow. Women making rhythms, slapping on the wet sand.

Liquid Gold is the Air Rosemary Lee, ‘Liquid Gold is the Air’, 2017.

How can artists have meaningful community engagement without compromising their work?

The afternoon session was a discussion on maintaining artistic integrity whilst collaborating with communities. Leading the conversation was Kara Wescombe-Blackman from Watts Gallery and Artists Village in Surrey, with Mary Branson and artist Russell Jakubowski.

We enjoyed hearing Russell speak about how teaching a group can lead to your own inspiration and discoveries with your craft.

Russell was commissioned to create a seating design for Surrey Hills Inspiring Views project. The resulting piece is a bench made of high grade stainless steel and recycled plastic, inspired by topography and the forms of the rolling countryside.

Contour seat Russell Jakubowski, ‘Contour Seat’, 2017.

Russell then took these ideas to a local year 9 class to experiment with sculpture and layering to create forms…

forms

single form

…which in turn then inspired his own sculpture.

Russell Jakubowski sculpture
Russell Jakubowski, ‘Mutual Support’, 2017.

The panel then discussed the work of James Henry Pullen, a fascinating inventor and craftsman who was a long-term resident of the Royal Earlswood Asylum in Redhill.

In 2018 Watts Gallery curated an exhibition celebrating his life and imagination, in collaboration with Disability Arts In Surrey. As part of a season of learning through making at Watts, DAISY invited groups across Surrey to create artwork in response to the fantastical creations of the inventor and craftsman on display in the gallery.

James Henry Pullen’s drawings reached Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and he even attracted the interest of the Prince of Wales, future king Edward VII. Prince Edward sent him pieces of ivory so he could carve them. Sir Edwin Henry Landseer sent engravings of his paintings to Pullen and his brother Arthur so they could copy them.

Study After the Stage Barge James Henry Pullen, ‘Study After the State Barge’, 1867.

Queen Victoria's Stage Barge James Henry Pullen, ‘Queen Victoria’s State Barge’, 1866-67. Made from various woods, metal and string.

Director of the Restoration Trust, Laura Drysdale, told us about her charity - connecting people with mental problems with heritage and creativity so that their mental health improves. She spoke about walking with intent, and the Trust’s programme of cultural and archaeological walks for mental health, Human Henge.

With walks scheduled on the Spring Equinox and harvest moon, and quiet ceremonies held inside Stonehenge and Avebury, the Human Henge project brought to mind the new publication Weird Walk. An instant cult hit, Weird Walk champions wanderings and wonderings from the British Isles, featuring folklore, poetry, standing stones, rambling and medieval graffiti.

Henge Photograph courtesy of the Human Henge website.

The symposium came to a close with Kate Wood, Co-Artistic Director of Activate, a Dorset-based organisation working with artists and producers from all over Europe to create festivals and performances throughout the county.

Kate spoke to us about artist Michael Pinsky’s groundbreaking installation ‘Pollution Pods’, commissioned by Activate earlier this year.

“Through a series of interlinked geodesic domes, you can travel through the atmosphere in each separate pod which recreates the air quality, smell and temperature of five major cities – Tautra, London, Beijing, São Paulo and New Delhi.”

Pollution Pods Michael Pinsky, ‘Pollution Pods’, 2017.

Finally, a poem by Mary Oliver that has been in mind lately due to the coming of autumn. It suits the themes of movement, land and time evoked by the Unearthing Landscapes perfectly.

Song for Autumn

In the deep fall

don’t you imagine the leaves think how

comfortable it will be to touch

the earth instead of the

nothingness of air and the endless

freshets of wind? And don’t you think

the trees themselves, especially those with mossy,

warm caves, begin to think

of the birds that will come — six, a dozen — to sleep

inside their bodies? And don’t you hear

the goldenrod whispering goodbye,

the everlasting being crowned with the first

tuffets of snow? The pond

vanishes, and the white field over which

the fox runs so quickly brings out

its blue shadows. And the wind pumps its

bellows. And at evening especially,

the piled firewood shifts a little,

longing to be on its way.


by Jinny’s Tonic